25 years of MMP

New Zealand held its first general election under the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) electoral system 25 years ago on 12 October 1996.

MMP was a fundamental change to the way we choose the people who represent us in Parliament. It ushered in proportional representation and governments have usually been made up of more than one political party.

MMP ‒ it takes just two ticks

For the 25th anniversary of the first MMP election, we’ve dug through the archives and found the original Footrot Flats advertisements about how MMP works.

The Electoral Commission developed this campaign with Footrot Flats creator Murray Ball ahead of the 1996 election.

In the videos, Wal, Cooch, Aunt Dolly and Dog explain your party and electorate votes. As Wal says, everyone gets two votes, one for a party, and one for a person, and the party votes decide the share of all the seats in Parliament.

Resources to share

Help remind people how MMP works. We have resources you can share with your friends, whānau, and community.

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What is MMP?

Learn more about New Zealand’s system of government, the history of MMP, what MMP is, and how MPs are elected.

The history of MMP

What is MMP?

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